Foundations in Graphic Communications: Checking Color Proofs

New York City College Of Technology
Advertising Design & Graphic Arts: NYCCT

The Course At A Glance

Foundations In Graphic Communications
Patrick Henry     (p) 718.847.9430     (c) 917.647.0590     (e)


WASTE: unusable sheets that don't count toward the total number of impressions required for the press run.

• Waste is anticipated and "excusable" because every job has to be brought up to color on a running press. Test sheets must be pulled, examined, discarded and/or filed.

• Waste also occurs in the bindery. Every job has a "waste allowance" that is factored into the cost of the paper purchased for the job. Obviously, the printer should not permit the waste to exceed the waste allowance.

SPOILAGE: paper discarded because of poor planning, production mistakes, faulty quality control. Spoilage is never "excusable."

• According to Printing Industries of America, sheetfed printers have an average spoilage rate of 3 percent based on sales. Cutting spoilage can improve printers' profits dramatically.

OVERS/UNDERS: Because of production variables, the total number of finished, deliverable printed pieces seldom matches the quantity ordered. It could be more, or it could be less.

• Therefore, an allowance for overs and unders should be built into the run length requirement for every job.

• Printing industry trade customs specify that over- and under-runs should not exceed 10 percent of the quantity ordered, and that printers may charge extra or give credit for amounts outside this range. (These terms are subject to negotiation.)

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