Foundations in Graphic Communications: Checking Color Proofs

New York City College Of Technology
Advertising Design & Graphic Arts: NYCCT

The Course At A Glance


Foundations In Graphic Communications
Patrick Henry     (p) 718.847.9430     (c) 917.647.0590     (e)


The printing industry uses various color matching systems to take the guesswork out of mixing ink. The best known of these, the Pantone Matching System (PMS), is a numbered index of thousands of colors along with instructions for mixing them from a smaller number of basic inks. The Pantone Matching System is supported by all of the leading ink manufacturers, who have agreed to formulate their inks to conform to Pantone's color matching and mixing specifications. Similar matching systems are TruMatch, Focoltone, and Toyo.

Various kinds of protective and appearance-enhancing coatings can be applied to the paper during the print run by a dedicated unit of the press. Coatings overprint the ink. "Flood" coating covers the entire surface of the sheet. "Spot" coating is applied to selected portions of the image. Printers use both gloss and matte coatings to achieve various visual contrasts between ink and paper or image and background. Coatings also protect the surface of the ink from scuffing, ruboff, fingerprints, and other damage. Lacquers, liquid plastics, and film laminates give even more protection.

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