Foundations in Graphic Communications: Checking Color Proofs

New York City College Of Technology
Advertising Design & Graphic Arts: NYCCT

The Course At A Glance


Foundations in Graphic Communications
Patrick Henry     (p) 718.847.9430     (c) 917.647.0590     (e)


1906   "accidental" invention of the offset lithographic press

1930   first four-color offset lithographic press

1948   first public demonstration of Xerography

1954   first commercial "cold type" phototypesetting machine

1985   "desktop publishing" is born: Apple Macintosh; Adobe PostScript; Aldus Pagemaker; Linotype L300 imagesetter

1993   first digital offset presses (Indigo E-Print 1000; Agfa Chromapress)

1993   first direct-imaging (DI) offset press (Heidelberg GTO-DI)

1994   industry adopts computer-to-plate (CTP) technology

1998   first "electronic book" reading device (Rocket eBook)

2000   second-generation digital color presses (Heidelberg NexPress; Xerox iGen3 FutureColor)

2005   e-inks; high-speed, wide-format inkjet printers; "spray-on" lithographic image carriers; re-imageable lithographic presses; remote proofing; CIM (computer integrated manufacturing) workflows linking print production to MIS (management information systems)

2009   e-paper for magazine covers, signage, and e-reading devices (Amazon Kindle, etc.); digital inkjet presses; QR codes linking print to the mobile Internet; sustainable ("green") printing; reliable Web-to-print solutions for print procurement and management

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