Foundations in Graphic Communications: New York City College Of Technology: Advertising Design & Graphic Arts

New York City College Of Technology
Advertising Design & Graphic Arts: NYCCT

The Course At A Glance


Foundations in Graphic Communications
Patrick Henry     (p) 718.847.9430     (c) 917.647.0590     (e)

  BINDING/FINISHING (III): Bindery Processes  

• The principal methods of binding are: saddle- and side-wire stitching; case binding (with thread sewing); adhesive or perfect binding; and mechanical binding.

saddle-stitching is for booklets, brochures, leaflets, and some magazines. After the signatures have been inserted into one another in the proper order, they are bound down their common center with staples from a continuous roll of wire that feeds the stitcher heads. The "saddle" is the part of the binding line that the pages straddle as they are stitched.

side-wire stitching is the same as saddle stitching, except that the staples are inserted along one edge instead of through the center. It's a simple, inexpensive method for manuals, directories, etc.

case binding for hardcover books begins with gathering the signatures side-by-side (as opposed to inserting) and stitching them together into "book blocks" in an operation known as Smyth sewing. Then the book blocks are fitted and glued into a rigid cover that is known as a "case" because its edges project beyond those of the book block.

• in adhesive or perfect binding, the binding edge of the book block is roughened to make it more receptive to the adhesive. The cover, coated on its inner edge with a hot-melt glue, is then pressed and held against the book block. This is the usual method for mass-market and "trade" paperbacks.

mechanical binding uses devices such as spiral wire, Wire-O, plastic combs, rings, looseleaf hardware, and posts to hold documents and publications together. These methods are well-suited to training materials and other utilitarian printed products.

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