The Vietnam War Links:

Oakes, Map 28-2: America's War in Vietnam, 1965-68

LBJ Speech after Gulf of Tonkin incident (1964)

Photo Tet Offensive, Saigon (1968)

"Political Posters from the United States, Cuba and Viet Nam 1965-1975" (Sixties Project, Univ. of VA)

The My Lai Courts-Martial 1970 (Famous Trials, Univ. of Missouri, Kansas City)

Fall of Saigon (New York Times, 1975)

U.S. Department of Veterns Affairs - Agent Orange







The Vietnam War

My thesis: The United States became involved in the war in Vietnam in the hopes of preventing a communist victory in Southeast Asia.  What began as military and economic aid to the pro-Western government of South Vietnam escalated to a commitment of thousand of troops in a counterinsurgency campaign against Communist guerrillas in the South and a bombing campaign against the Communist government in the North.  As the war lingered, many began to question the wisdom of continued American involvement.  The conduct of the war sometimes violently divided the country between hawks and doves, producing scars that have not completely healed to this day.

  1. Roots of the Conflict in Vietnam
    1. Decolonization
    2. Viet-Minh declare Independence (1945) (Ho Chi Minh)
    3. French defeat at Dien Bien Phu (1954)
    4. Vietnam Domino
    5. Chinese Revolution
    6. Korean War
    7. Fear of Global Communist Conspiracy
    8. Containment and the "Domino Theory"
  2. Entering the Quagmire 
    1. Kennedy and Vietnam
      1. American Prestige and the "Third World"
      2. Domestic Political Concerns
      3. Increased Military Aid
      4. "Strategic Hamlet"
      5. Overthrow of South Vietnam Premier Ngo Dinh Diem
    2. Lyndon Johnson and the Escalation of the War
      1. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) (LBJ)
      2. Operation Rolling Thunder (1965)
      3. "Search and Destroy"
      4. "Hearts and Minds"
      5. Tet Offensive (1968)
        • "Pyrrhic Victory"
  3. The Anti-War Movement  
    1. Doves v. Hawks 
    2. Cracks in the "Establishment"
      1. Fulbright Hearings (1966)
      2. Prominent Intellectuals, Clergy & Politicians begin to question War
    3. Teach-ins and Demonstrations  POSTERS
    4. March on the Pentagon (1967)
    5. Kent State and Jackson State (1970)
    6. Media Coverage of the War
    7. Split in the Democratic Party
    8. Chicago, 1968
  4. Richard Nixon and the End of the War 
    1. Poor morale of the troops
      1. Fragging
      2. Drug addiction
      3. Stress & atrocitiesBS website) (trial) John Kerry
    2. Vietnamization
    3. Invasion of Cambodia (1970)
    4. End of the Draft
    5. The Fall of Saigon
  5. The Aftermath
    1. Casualties/MIAs (us casualties)
    2. "Agent Orange" (va site)
    3. "The Vietnam Syndrome"
    4. Fear of using the American military under any circumstances
    5. Public Cynicism toward the Government
    6. the Left (Doves) - Military and Politicians Lied the Country into War to promote their own self-interests. Rich Man's War, Poor Man's Fight.
    7. the Right (Hawks) - Government does not work, Washington Bureaucrats & Liberals "prevented" the Military from achieving Victory
    8. How do we know?
      1. The Pentagon Papers (1971)
      2. Senate Select Committee to Study Government Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities (the Church Committee), 1975